Height: 20 - 25 feet. There are many types of dogwoods, ranging from small shrubs to single-trunked ornamental trees. Pagoda Dogwood is an ornamental shrub or tree that is native to the eastern portion of the United States. SelecTree. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. Flowering Crabapple (Malus) Pagoda Dogwood is an open multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. Tree Characteristics. In spring expect leaves with a golden edge, in summer creamy flowers appear and the foliage begins to blush, eventually turning a vivid red in fall. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. If you have an established dogwood that you feel would benefit from fertilization, have your soil tested to determine the best course of action. Flowers in Spring. Cornus alternifolia ‘Pagoda’ dogwood has distinctive layered horizontal branches and blooms with small, yellowish to white, fragrant flowers that give way to dark fruit on red stalks. Cornus Venus dogwood is a hybrid variety crossed from C. kousa and C. nuttallii, noted for its large-bracted white flowers and disease resistance. The foliage turns red in fall. Enjoy garden travel? Like other deciduous trees, the leaves of a dogwood are green during summer and change to an attractive reddish-purple during the fall before dropping to the ground. After the leaves drop, the dogwood’s graceful horizontal branches and scale-like bark take center stage. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. Elm (Ulmus) Brandon Elm Zone 3 #15 $219.95 40' 25' Upright, vase-shape, small form of American Elm with a fast growth rate. Growth Rate: Slow Growth Form: Broad to upright, spreading Light Requirements: Full Sun to Full Shade Site Requirements: Rich, slightly acidic well-drained soil Flower: Creamy White Bloom Period: May-June Foliage: Dark Green Fall Color: Maroon to Purple Urban Approved: No Fruit Notes: Blue-black pea-sized fruits in July Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or … Then provide additional water during hot dry spells and mulch to help retain moisture. Foliage: Planting & Growing Pagoda Dogwood will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. The dogwood, one of the most popular trees in the country, offers an unmatched four-season display of beauty. Pagoda dogwood will do best in average to moist soil in part shade. Hence, one should know the basic difference between Kousa Dogwood and Pagoda Dogwood if you are planning to have them in your garden to enhance its beauty. Fragrant White. Foliage will turn yellow, orange, and red in the fall. Deciduous. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas) has small yellow flowers that bloom early in spring before the leaves appear, and can be grown as a large deciduous shrub or trained as a small tree. Spreading with a Low Canopy. Annual Growth Rate. The main attraction is the appearance of the showy white or pink flowers (actually bracts) that herald the arrival of spring. Black or Mostly Blue Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer. Photo by: Todd Boland / Millette Photomedia. Fertilizers required for proper growth of Kousa Dogwood are Fertilize in early spring and Mulch, whereas for Pagoda Dogwood fertilizers required are Fertilize in early spring and Mulch. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Flowers. Dec 23, 2020. Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT. Plant … The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. PAGODA DOGWOOD (CORNUS ALTERNIFOLIA) Location: Several are to the right of No. Brilliant red to purple autumn foliage followed by attractive bare branching pattern with blue-black berries. Habitat: Found on moist upland woods. This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Preventive measures include providing good air circulation to keep foliage dry, and watering in the summer during periods of drought. Tree information: The alternate leaves give this plant its name. Red fall colour. The best time to prune is in the late fall or winter while the tree is dormant. Horticulture profile: Zone 4 to 7; Grows 10-25ft Tall x 6-15ft Wide; Medium to fast growth rate. "Cornus alternifolia Tree Record." Varieties Flowering Dogwoods (Cornus florida) One of the most popular of all flowering trees is the flowering … The California Polytechnic State University and the Cal Poly Corporation shall not be responsible for any loss of profit, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of the use of the data and information derived from this web site. Plant with witch hazel, redbud and oakleaf hydrangea. It is also an attractive plant. Maroon fall foliage; alternate leaves which is unusual for a dogwood. The layered habit is its most recognizable feature. A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. Because newly hatched larvae enter the tree through wounds or broken bark, avoid damage to the bark when doing lawn maintenance or pruning. The Variegated Pagoda Dogwood is an open multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. Dogwood trees can grow up to 20 feet in height in the first 25 years of growth. Plant dogwoods in the spring, before tree growth starts and when the soil is moist. Bright spring flowers and vibrant fall foliage Prepare your lawn for multiple seasons of exciting color with the Celestial Shadow Dogwood. Additionally, fertilizer applied too late in the season can stimulate new growth, making the tree vulnerable to winter damage. Then unique variegated leaves will fill in. Cornus kousa ‘Summer Gold’ is a compact tree that provides multi-season interest. The dogwood’s profuse blooms appear between late March and mid-May and linger for weeks, giving way to glossy green leaves in the summer. Photo by: Jon Lindstrom / Millette Photomedia. Native to the eastern U.S., the flowering dogwood thrives in both sun and shade, making it a great understory tree. Cornus florida 'Cloud Nine’ is the most cold-hardy variety and produces an abundant display of extra -large, pure white flower bracts in the spring, even at an early age. Early every spring hundreds of bright, cotton white blooms will emerge all over the tree. For more pagoda dogwood information, including tips for pagoda dogwood care, read on. More about the newsletter. See more trees and shrubs with colorful berries. < https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/cornus-alternifolia >. Mature pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a short stout bush or a 25 foot tall tree. Photo by: Nikolay Kurzenko / Shutterstock. On this page: The Basics | Planting | Care & Pruning | Pictures | All-Season Beauty | Dogwood Facts | Places to See Flowering Dogwoods. Width: 6 - 10m. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia native, deciduous, green leaves sometimes turning slightly purple in fall, produces a bluish cherry like fruit, slow growth rate when young turning to medium when established, interesting open crown with yellowish white flowers Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. The branches are parallel to the ground creating a layered tiered look with upturned branches like a pagoda. Fragrant White. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Cornus florida ‘Rubra’ has pink to reddish petal-like bracts that open flat, giving the appearance of a single, large-diameter, four-petaled flower. Leaves Oval, Light Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Deciduous. Provides habitat in the forest under-story and edge. Photo by: RWI Fine Art Photography / Alamy Stock Photo. Copyright Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. If carefully treated, a mature Dogwood tree species, such as the Flowering Dogwood, may reach 40 feet in height. Flowers give way to bluish-black fruits (drupes) that mature in summer. Leaves: Deciduous Height: 5 - 8m. George Washington planted dogwoods at Mount Vernon, obtaining many of his trees from the surrounding forest. Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray or Red Brown, Furrowed, Ridged or Smooth. Top Trees for Colorful Fall Foliage. Horizontal branches give this plant its name. Blossoms give way to glossy green leaves, some with striking white or yellow variegation. Keep the mulch pulled back a few inches from the tree trunk. Photo by: Zoonar GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo. Yellowish-white. Leaves Oval, Light Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Deciduous. And the fruit isn't poisonous to humans, but not exactly edible either. It is the only variegated dogwood with red flower bracts. Following is a list of the most common tree types, some of which are American natives and some of which come from Asia and Europe. Comments. The tree grows in sun or shade. Prefers moist fertile soils but adaptable to soil and pH. Pagoda Dogwood. Pacific dogwoods have tiny purple-green flower clusters surrounded by large white bracts. The Best Flowering Trees for Residential Gardens We have it growing under spruce trees in our yard; the spruce only add a minimal amount of acidity to the soil. The unique horizontal branching pattern has a distinct tiered habit, often catching snow in the winter. See eight more trees with distinctive bark. Photo by: Todd Boland / Millette Photomedia. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. All Rights Reserved. Growth spreads horizontally bearing unique alternate leaves. Cornus alternifolia A beautiful tree with branching that can create a layered or tiered appearance. Give this tree enough space to grow, it can reach up to 20 feet tall and wide. Robins, northern mockingbirds, and sparrows will also build nests on the dogwood’s horizontal branches. The disease-resistant Variegated Stellar Pink® Dogwood offers star-shaped pastel flowers and green and white foliage that turns pink and purple. Although the leaves of most species of dogwood are opposite, those of pagoda dogwood are alternate, hence the specific epithet. Pagoda Dogwood is an open multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. Pagoda Dogwood Information. The most common insect pest is the dogwood borer, whose larvae burrow under the bark of the trunk and limbs. Produces clusters of fragrant white flowers in late summer, which are followed by purplish-black berries. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower). Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf. Photo by: Holmes Garden Photos / Alamy Stock Photo. Moderate growth to 20 feet tall and wide. Needs ample water. Planting & Growing The Golden Shadow Pagoda Dogwood will grow to be about 12 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Any diseased twigs and branches should be pruned off. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. Photo by: Kevin Schafer / Alamy Stock Photo. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. . Introduction: This spreading small tree has an interesting form, with horizontal branches forming tiers.Branches are nearly parallel to the ground, giving the plant an attractive textural effect. The fall color is deep red and the white flowers are produced in clusters in the spring. The tree’s bird-attracting, scarlet-red berries ripen as the foliage turns to red or crimson-purple. Thomas Jefferson planted dogwoods at Monticello in the late 1770s, which inspired Virginia lawmakers to select the American Dogwood as the state flower in 1918. Cornus florida ‘Cherokee Sunset' has deep pink to light red flowers and variegated yellow-green foliage that turns red in the fall. PAGODA DOGWOOD, ALTERNATE-LEAVED DOGWOOD. Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf. Becomes small tree with pruning. The tree displays medium growth, averaging between 13 and 24 inches annually. Pagoda Dogwood - Tree Form Zone 3 #10 $164.9515-20' 15-20' Horizontal branching and bright-green leaves gives this plant a unique look. Photo by: Mark Turner. The specific growth rate varies by cultivar. Resistant to Verticillium. These adaptable trees are most often found in moist forests, along streams and creek banks, as well as in open meadows. Has Deciduous foliage. Dogwood trees (Cornus florida) grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. Water your dogwood on a regular basis until it is established. Clusters of white flowers show up in spring, dark green foliage turns a beautiful burgundy-red in fall, and blue-black berries attract many birds. Dogwood trees have a naturally attractive rounded shape, so they require little pruning unless needed for aesthetic reasons or to improve their vigor. 10 to 25 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 6 to 12 inches. var theDate=new Date() Americans’ love for the dogwood was inspired by two of our founding fathers. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers appear in flattened cymes in late spring. * Required FieldsWe will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Although the dogwood is a relatively small tree — its magnificent all-season beauty makes a big impact in the residential garden. Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… Attractive branching habit, red fall color. Growth Rate: Moderate It has a fibrous, spreading root system and prefers when the root zone is kept cool. Good disease and pest resistance. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. Infected trees can be treated by spraying with an insecticide. The pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is also known as the blue dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and alternate-leaf dogwood. Located in the northeast two-thirds of the state. Width: 20 feet. Ornamental & Landscape Trees . Cite this tree: Prefers partial shade, but can tolerate full sun when well-watered. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. Pagoda Dogwood grows slowly at first but becomes moderate with age. Deciduous tree 15-25' tall with distinctive horizontal branching. Unfussy in its care requirements, the dogwood readily thrives in the home landscape and grows quickly. Check out our local self-guided day trips and other travel destinations. Sign up for our Garden Travel Newsletter to be alerted when new travel opportunities are available! Dogwood Tree Growth. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. Pests and Diseases Flowers in Spring. Foliage: Deciduous. Select the right ornamental or fruit-bearing tree for your garden, America’s most popular native flowering tree thrives in the home garden, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips, Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips, self-guided day trips and other travel destinations, The Best Flowering Trees for Residential Gardens, Dig an extra wide hole to ensure the roots have room to grow outwards, Don’t plant too deeply, the root flare should be above ground level, For container grown dogwoods, loosen the root ball with a soil knife to prevent the roots from continuing to grow in the circular shape of the pot, For bare root dogwoods, soak the roots in a bucket of water prior to planting, Create a berm of soil around the outer edge of the root ball to hold water. … Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. It is a deciduous shrub or tree that normally grows 15-20 feet high, but has been recorded at 48 feet, with a diameter that can reach up to 8 inches. Photo by: Bertrand Dumont / Millette Photomedia. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This is a unique understory foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings. Part sun. Large, fragrant blooms appear between late March and mid-May and often last as long as three or four weeks. Dogwoods are subject to anthracnose, a fungal disease that causes leaf spotting and twig dieback. Pacific or mountain dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) can be grown as a medium-size tree or tall shrub and is the western version of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). 1995-2020. Dogwoods do best in moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil that contains organic matter. Dogwood trees have a slow to moderate growth rate, generally growing at a rate of about 20 feet in 25 years according to Clemson University. Pagoda Dogwood is an open multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. If you’re lucky, the scarlet berries will linger into winter, enhancing the unique beauty of the textured bark. Although dogwoods have been around for centuries, they were first labeled with the term “dogtree” in 1548, derived from the word “dagwood” because the slender stems were used for making daggers, arrows, and skewers. Pagoda Dogwood can be found in the cool climates of Eastern North America. Green summer foliage picks up purplish tones in the fall. A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. For this reason it is often safest to hold off on fertilizing until your tree is in its second season. Cornus controversa, commonly called giant dogwood, has small whitish flowers that bloom in flattened clusters. Susceptible to Beetle Borers and Scales, Anthracnose, Phytophthora and Root Rot. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. Pagoda Dogwood Tree - Photo by Paul … 12 to 18 inches. In anticipation of dogwoods bursting into bloom each spring, many states hold festivals to celebrate the event, some lasting as long as a month. 16 fairway. The cultivar ‘Variegata’ has variegated green and white leaves. A superb multi-purpose tree for attracting wildlife. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. Pagoda Dogwood Tree. Be careful when fertilizing a young dogwood tree-many newly planted trees are killed by applying too much fertilizer. Pagoda dogwood is an excellent native plant for the four season garden. At least 36 different species of birds feast on the dogwood’s fleshy red berries, including northern cardinals, tufted titmice, bluebirds, juncos, and waxwings. Tree Characteristics. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. This growth habit gives a unique look of layers to the tree. Pagoda dogwood offers extremely fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May to early June, and attractive, bluish black fruit in July or August. In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see, The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the. * No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. Growth rate: Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. Full sun to half shade. 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Broken bark, avoid damage to the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines Arboretum... Its care requirements, the scarlet berries will linger into winter, enhancing the unique of! Dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. ( 4.5 – 7.6 m ) tall and travel. About 20 feet in height Dark Gray, Light green, red or purple or Bronze, deciduous ’! Trees have a short stout bush or a 25 foot tall tree can be treated by spraying with an.! ; alternate leaves give this plant its name pagoda dogwood tree growth rate moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil contains... Can create a layered tiered look with upturned branches like a pagoda: Kevin Schafer / Alamy Stock...., pagoda-cornel, and red in the summer during periods of drought or broken bark avoid! Your dogwood on a regular basis until it is established sure to delight good circulation. Grow quickly, with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental branches! 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For more pagoda dogwood care, read on Cherokee Sunset ' has pink! Part of the trunk and limbs accuracy of the trunk and limbs unless needed for aesthetic reasons to.